Trafficking in Human Beings (THB)
The National Archives
Modern Slavery Act 2015
An Act to make provision about slavery, servitude and forced or compulsory labour and about human trafficking, including provision for the protection of victims; to make provision for an Independent Anti-slavery Commissioner; and for connected purposes.
National Crime Agency
Modern Slavery Human Trafficking Unit (MSHTU)
The Modern Slavery Human Trafficking Unit (MSHTU) is a multi-agency organisation led by the NCA. Our role is to provide a central point of expertise, support and coordination for the UK’s response to modern slavery and the trafficking of human beings.
We work in a coordinated way within the UK and internationally. Our work to combat modern slavery crimes involves a wide range of partners and stakeholders.
Our key responsibilities are to protect the public –safeguarding potential victims from such crimes and to target those who enable or facilitate crimes of modern slavery here in the UK.
In that respect, we collaborate with partners including police forces, the Home Office and other government departments, the UK Border Force and UK Immigration Enforcement, the Gangmasters Labour Abuse Authority (GLAA), international agencies, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and many charitable and voluntary expert groups.
For more information on modern slavery and human trafficking see the crime threats section.
‘A day in the life’
If you are interested in the day-to-day work of the Modern Slavery Human Trafficking Unit (MSHTU), please read ‘A day in the life’ – Modern Slavery Human Trafficking unit.
Report crimes of modern slavery
In the first instance the point of contact for all modern slavery crimes should be the local police force. If you have information about modern slavery crimes – those who are committing such crimes or where victims are at risk that requires an immediate response dial 999. If you hold information that could lead to the identification, discovery and recovery of victims in the UK, you can contact the Modern Slavery Helpline 08000 121 700. Alternatively you can make calls anonymously to Crimestoppers on 0800 555 111.
For more information visit www.unseenuk.org
National Referral Mechanism Statistics
The National Referral Mechanism(NRM) is a framework for identifying victims of human trafficking or modern slavery and ensuring they receive the appropriate support.
> NRM statistics
> NRM statistics – 2018 Quarter 1
> NRM statistics – 2017 Annual Report
Forced sexual exploitation of adults and children
The 2017 NRM statistics report Albania, UK, China, and Nigeria as the most common nationalities for referrals for sexual exploitation. They also stated that 34 percent (1,744 cases) of all referrals made in 2017 were cases of sexual exploitation. Of those total cases of sexual exploitation, 559 cases concerned children. Foreign victims are generally trafficked to the UK, lured by false promises of jobs, but are then forced to work in the sex industry. British and foreign children are groomed by groups of adult males or ‘county line’ gangs and given drugs before being forced into sexual exploitation. In 2018, 18 individuals were convicted of offences including sexual abuse, supplying drugs, and trafficking for sexual exploitation in a series of trials over a case involving 700 women and girls who were sexually abused around Newcastle.
The most common type of exploitation experienced by adult victims who consent to use the Salvation Army’s support services was sexual exploitation and concerned 48 percent of all victims assisted between July 2016 and June 2017. The Salvation Army delivers the UK government’s contract to manage support services for adult victims of modern slavery in England and Wales. The highest number of supported victims were female victims of forced sexual exploitation from Albania, closely followed by Vietnamese and Nigerian women who also primarily reported exploitation in the sex industry.
2018 Global Slavery Index
The Global Slavery Index estimates that there were 136,000 people living in modern slavery in the United Kingdom (UK) on any given day in 2016, reflecting a prevalence rate of 2.1 victims for every thousand people in the country.