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Universal Basic Income (UBI)

United Nations

United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres endorses a basic income

On 25th September 2018, António Guterres, the UN Secretary-General, urged world leaders to consider Unconditional Basic Income in his speech at the General Assembly of the UN.

What is a basic income?

A basic income, also called Universal Basic Income (UBI), is a type of program in which citizens of a country, or any other region, may receive a regular sum of money from a source such as the government.

Basic Income is a measure against poverty which also gives us the capacity to lead more dignified lives. Basic Income is not about alms, but about the guarantee of the right to existence.
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The many names of Basic Income

For such a simple idea, Basic Income has a complex web of alternative names. Here are some of the other names for Basic Income, including a quick guide to what is and what isn’t BI.
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World Bank

Exploring Universal Basic Income : A Guide to Navigating Concepts, Evidence, and Practices (English)

ABSTRACT
Universal basic income (UBI) is emerging as one of the most hotly debated issues in development and social protection policy. But what are the features of UBI? What is it meant to achieve? How do we know, and what don’t we know, about its performance? What does it take to implement it in practice? Drawing from global evidence, literature, and survey data, this volume provides a framework to elucidate issues and trade-offs in UBI with a view to help inform choices around its appropriateness and feasibility in different contexts. Specifically, the book examines how UBI differs from or complements other social assistance programs in terms of objectives, coverage, incidence, adequacy, incentives, effects on poverty and inequality, financing, political economy, and implementation. It also reviews past and current country experiences, surveys the full range of existing policy proposals, provides original results from micro–tax benefit simulations, and sets out a range of considerations around the analytics and practice of UBI.
> World Bank UBI Guide

UBI, Our Right to Live

The documentary “UBI, Our Right to Live” talks about the right of all human beings to subsist simply because they were born. It is an idea with history, but it has spread spectacularly in recent years, especially due to the fact that technology threatens to leave the majority of the world’s population without paid unemployed to meet their needs.

The documentary consists mainly of interviews with the founders of the UBI movement who have been working on this idea for more than thirty years and also with academics and activists who tell us about their activities and experiences around the world.
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Why we should all have a basic income

By Scott Santens
Consider for a moment that from this day forward, on the first day of every month, around $1,000 is deposited into your bank account – because you are a citizen. This income is independent of every other source of income and guarantees you a monthly starting salary above the poverty line for the rest of your life.
> weforum.org/agenda/2017/01/why-we-should-all-have-a-basic-income