Flag of Czechia
two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and red with a blue isosceles triangle based on the hoist side is identical to the flag of the former Czechoslovakia
note: is identical to the flag of the former Czechoslovakia
Creative Industries Czechia at Europa Regina
10,702,596 (July 2021 est.)
Internet country code: .cz
Government of Czech Republic: vlada.cz/en/
Czech Foreign Ministry: mzv.cz/jnp/en/index.html
Czech Tourist Authority: czechtourism.com
Since the fall of the Iron Curtain in 1989, Prague has become one of the most visited cities in Europe.
At the close of World War I, the Czechs and Slovaks of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire merged to form Czechoslovakia. During the interwar years, having rejected a federal system, the new country’s predominantly Czech leaders were frequently preoccupied with meeting the increasingly strident demands of other ethnic minorities within the republic, most notably the Slovaks, the Sudeten Germans, and the Ruthenians (Ukrainians). On the eve of World War II, Nazi Germany occupied the territory that today comprises the Czech Republic and Slovakia became an independent state allied with Germany. After the war, a reunited but truncated Czechoslovakia (less Ruthenia) fell within the Soviet sphere of influence. In 1968, an invasion by Warsaw Pact troops ended the efforts of the country’s leaders to liberalize communist rule and create “socialism with a human face,” ushering in a period of repression known as “normalization.” The peaceful “Velvet Revolution” swept the Communist Party from power at the end of 1989 and inaugurated a return to democratic rule and a market economy. On 1 January 1993, the country underwent a nonviolent “velvet divorce” into its two national components, the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The Czech Republic joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union in 2004.
Czechia: Child sexual exploitation through prostitution reaches new high
ECPAT International’s latest country overview report for Czechia, also known as the Czech Republic, warns that the number of reported cases of child sexual exploitation through prostitution continued to grow in 2017.