Flag Lebanon

Lebanese Republic
Al Jumhuriyah al Lubnaniyah

Flag of Lebanon
three horizontal bands consisting of red (top), white (middle, double width), and red (bottom) with a green cedar tree centered in the white band; the red bands symbolize blood shed for liberation, the white band denotes peace, the snow of the mountains, and purity; the green cedar tree is the symbol of Lebanon and represents eternity, steadiness, happiness, and prosperity

Creative Industries Lebanon at Europa Regina

5,261,372 (July 2021 est.)
5,469,612 (2020)
6,229,794 (2017)
Capital: Beirut
Internet country code: .lb

Official website: presidency.gov.lb
Ministry of Information: ministryinfo.gov.lb
Ministry of State for Economic Empowerment of Women And Youth: EEWAY
Ministry of Tourism: mot.gov.lb
Destination Lebanon: destinationlebanon.gov.lb
Central Administration of Statistics: cas.gov.lb

UN Lebanon: un.org.lb
OCHA Lebanon: unocha.org/lebanon
HDX Lebanon: data.humdata.org/group/lbn
UNDP Lebanon: lb.undp.org
UNHCR Lebanon: unhcr.org/ar/
UNIC Beirut: unicbeirut.org
UNSCOL: unscol.unmissions.org


Following World War I, France acquired a mandate over the northern portion of the former Ottoman Empire province of Syria. The French demarcated the region of Lebanon in 1920 and granted this area independence in 1943. Since independence, the country has been marked by periods of political turmoil interspersed with prosperity built on its position as a regional center for finance and trade. The country’s 1975-90 civil war, which resulted in an estimated 120,000 fatalities, was followed by years of social and political instability. Sectarianism is a key element of Lebanese political life. Neighboring Syria has historically influenced Lebanon’s foreign policy and internal policies, and its military occupied Lebanon from 1976 until 2005. The Lebanon-based Hizballah militia and Israel continued attacks and counterattacks against each other after Syria’s withdrawal, and fought a brief war in 2006. Lebanon’s borders with Syria and Israel remain unresolved.

World Bank sees Lebanon in prolonged depression, -19.2% growth in 2020

Dec 1, 2020 – Poverty was likely to continue to worsen, engulfing more than half the population by 2021, with a projected debt-to-GDP ratio of 194%, up from 171% at the end of 2019, the World Bank said in its Lebanon Economic Monitor report.
> in.reuters.com/world-bank-lebanon