Globally, some progress on women’s rights has been achieved. In Estonia, the adolescent birth rate is 10.5 per 1000 population as of 2016, down from 12.5 per 1000 population in 2015. As of February 2019, 28.7% of parliament seats are held by women.
However, work still needs to be done in Estonia to achieve gender equality. In 2012, 4% of women aged 15-49 years reported that they had been subject to physical and/or sexual violence by a current or former intimate partner in the previous 12 months. Also, women and girls aged 10+ spend 17.2% of their time on unpaid care and domestic work compared to 10.8% spent by men.
In Estonia, only 40.9% of indicators needed to monitor the SDGs from a gender perspective are available. In addition, many areas such as gender and poverty, women’s access to assets including land, physical and sexual harassment, and gender and the environment currently lack comparable methodologies for comprehensive and periodic monitoring. Addressing these gender data gaps is a prerequisite for understanding the situation of women and girls in Estonia and for achieving the gender-related SDGs commitments.