Globally, some progress on women’s rights has been achieved. In Japan, the adolescent birth rate is 3.7 per 1000 population as of 2016, down from 4.1 per 1000 population in 2015.
However, work still needs to be done in Japan to achieve gender equality. As of February 2019, there are only 10.2% of parliament seats held by women. Also, women and girls aged 15+ spend 15.1% of their time on unpaid care and domestic work compared to 3.1% spent by men.
In Japan, only 31.6% of indicators needed to monitor the SDGs from a gender perspective are available, with gaps in key areas such as Violence Against Women and Key Labor Market indicators such as Gender Pay Gap. In addition, many areas such as gender and poverty, women’s access to assets including land, physical and sexual harassment, and gender and the environment currently lack comparable methodologies for comprehensive and periodic monitoring. Addressing these gender data gaps is a prerequisite for understanding the situation of women and girls in Japan and for achieving the gender-related SDGs commitments.