Republic of Lithuania
Flag of Lithuania
three equal horizontal bands of yellow (top), green, and red; yellow symbolizes golden fields, as well as the sun, light, and goodness; green represents the forests of the countryside, in addition to nature, freedom, and hope; red stands for courage and the blood spilled in defense of the homeland
Creative Industries Lithuania at Europa Regina
2,711,566 (July 2021 est.)
Internet country code: .lt
The webpage “My Government” is the internet gateway to the Government of the Republic of Lithuania that provides a swift and easy access to information on the Cabinet of Ministers and the work of Government institutions as well as a possibility to become actively involved by using e-democracy services.: lrv.lt
Official website of the President of the Republic of Lithuania: lrp.lt
Lithuanian State Department of Tourism: tourism.lt/en/
The Lithuanian Department of Statistics (Statistics Lithuania) is a public authority coordinating official statistics in the country that participates in developing and implementing public policy in the field of organisation and methodology of statistics assigned to the Minister of Finance.
Republic of Lithuania / Lietuvos Respublika
Lithuanian lands were united under MINDAUGAS in 1236; over the next century, through alliances and conquest, Lithuania extended its territory to include most of present-day Belarus and Ukraine. By the end of the 14th century Lithuania was the largest state in Europe. An alliance with Poland in 1386 led the two countries into a union through the person of a common ruler. In 1569, Lithuania and Poland formally united into a single dual state, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. This entity survived until 1795 when its remnants were partitioned by surrounding countries. Lithuania regained its independence following World War I but was annexed by the USSR in 1940 – an action never recognized by the US and many other countries. On 11 March 1990, Lithuania became the first of the Soviet republics to declare its independence, but Moscow did not recognize this proclamation until September of 1991 (following the abortive coup in Moscow). The last Russian troops withdrew in 1993. Lithuania subsequently restructured its economy for integration into Western European institutions; it joined both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004. In January 2014, Lithuania assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2014-15 term.