Flag Nigeria

Nigeria
Federal Republic of Nigeria
Kawtal Moɓgal Naajeeriya (Fula)
Jamhuriyar Taraiyar Nijeriya (Hausa)
Ọ̀hàńjíkọ̀ Ọ̀hànézè Naìjíríyà (Igbo)
Orílẹ̀-èdè Olómìniira Àpapọ̀ Nàìjíríà (Yoruba)

Flag of Nigeria
three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and green; the color green represents the forests and abundant natural wealth of the country, white stands for peace and unity

Creative Industries Nigeria at Europa Regina


Population:
219,463,862 (July 2021 est.)
214,028,302 (2020)
203,452,505 (2018)
Capital: Abuja
Internet country code: .ng

Government:
Official website: nigeria.gov.ng
Public portal: services.gov.ng
Official Tourism Board: tournigeria.gov.ng

Etymology: named for the Niger River that flows through the west of the country to the Atlantic Ocean; from a native term “Ni Gir” meaning “River Gir”

Federal Republic of Nigeria

British influence and control over what would become Nigeria and Africa’s most populous country grew through the 19th century. A series of constitutions after World War II granted Nigeria greater autonomy; independence came in 1960. Following nearly 16 years of military rule, a new constitution was adopted in 1999, and a peaceful transition to civilian government was completed. The government continues to face the daunting task of reforming a petroleum-based economy, whose revenues have been squandered through corruption and mismanagement, and institutionalizing democracy. In addition, Nigeria continues to experience longstanding ethnic and religious tensions. Although both the 2003 and 2007 presidential elections were marred by significant irregularities and violence, Nigeria is currently experiencing its longest period of civilian rule since independence. The general elections of April 2007 marked the first civilian-to-civilian transfer of power in the country’s history and the elections of 2011 were generally regarded as credible. In January 2014, Nigeria assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2014-15 term.