Women’s Right to Vote – Women’s Suffrage in the United States
Aug 18, (1920)

Number of female heads of state to date: 0

The National Women’s History Project

Women’s Equality Day

Women’s Equality Day commemorates the passage of the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, granting the right to vote to women. The amendment was first introduced in 1878. In 1971, the U.S. Congress designated August 26 as Women’s Equality Day.

How Women Vote: Separating Myth From Reality

Oct 6, 2020 – Suffragists said women voting would transform politics. Here’s how women have wielded the ballot in the past century, according to a political scientist.
> smithsonianmag.com/history/how-have-women-voted-suffrage

Suffragists, 1917

Women’s suffragists parade in New York City in 1917, carrying placards with signatures of more than a million women.
The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration

The 19th Amendment

The 19th Amendment guarantees American women the right to vote. Achieving this milestone required a lengthy and difficult struggle; victory took decades of agitation. Beginning in the mid-19th century, woman suffrage supporters lectured, wrote, marched, lobbied, and practiced civil disobedience to achieve what many Americans considered radical change.

Between 1878, when the amendment was first introduced in Congress, and 1920, when it was ratified, champions of voting rights for women worked tirelessly, but their strategies varied. Some tried to pass suffrage acts in each state—nine western states adopted woman suffrage legislation by 1912. Others challenged male-only voting laws in the courts. More public tactics included parades, silent vigils, and hunger strikes. Supporters were heckled, jailed, and sometimes physically abused.

The Library of Congress

19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution

The 19th Amendment to the Constitution granted women the right to vote and was ratified by the states on August 18, 1920. A women’s suffrage amendment was first introduced in Congress in 1878. Forty-one years late, on June 4, 1919, Congress approved the women’s suffrage amendment and sent it to the states for ratification. Secretary of State Bainbridge Colby certified the ratification on August 26, 1920.

Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR)

Families, fertility and feminism: landmarks in women’s rights

by Liz Ford
Women have fought long and hard to secure access to family planning and abortion, and reduce maternal mortality. A modern timeline of that struggle tells a story full of highs and lows.

Women’s March

January 21, 2017
Women’s March on Washington

We did it! On January 21, over 5 Million of us worldwide and over 1 Million in Washington, D.C., came to march, speak and make our voices heard. But it doesn’t end here – now is not the time to hang up our marching shoes – it’s time to get our friends, family and community together and make history.
› womensmarch.com
Women of America: we’re going on strike. Join us so Trump will see our power

Women's March on Washington

Facts and figures

Leadership and political participation – [UN Women]
IPU-UN Women in politics map – [IPU]